In Malawi, an estimated 97% of energy demand is met by the use of biomass, with the majority of that demand coming from households. Given the rapid rate at which Malawi’s population is growing, energy demand is putting significant pressure


Zambia has made significant strides in increasing energy access through private sector investment and support for markets for clean energy and technologies. As Zambia’s economy has grown over the past twenty years, there has also been a growth in the


Zimbabwe has more people living in energy poverty now than 20 years ago. Political instability in the country has caused many facilities to go partially or completely offline in recent years, and there have been no new developments in the


The Energy Poverty PIRE in Southern Africa (EPPSA) is a 5-year program funded by the National Science Foundation’s Partnerships in International Research and Education (PIRE) program. We have three broad objectives: 1) Evaluate the environmental and human well-being impacts of real-world energy poverty interventions 2) Investigate the social, demographic, and spatial dimensions of energy poverty and consider the optimal scale of interventions to maximize environmental benefits and human well-being 3) Train over 70 postdoctoral, graduate and undergraduate researchers in interdisciplinary collaborative research in low resource settings.

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Contact Us

Dr Pamela Jagger, Principal Investigator
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Carolina Population Center
CB# 8120, University Square
123 W Franklin St
Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524